Laravel Fake S3 with Minio

October 16, 2020

Most of the time when I'm writing test code in Laravel I take advantage of the great Storage::fake() provided by Laravel Test Suite. However, I usually like to have at least 1 test that feels a bit less "mocky". That's where Minio comes in. Minio is a storage service fully compatible with S3. Here's how simple it is for me to write test code with it.


I use Minio's docker image to run the service in a container linked with my source code through docker-compose. The service declaration looks like this:

    image: minio/minio
      - MINIO_ACCESS_KEY=customergauge
      - MINIO_SECRET_KEY=phpunit123
    command: server /data

As long as I have a php container with my Laravel code in the same docker-compose file, I'm able to communicate with minio using http://minio:9000.

Test Code

My Test Code will look like this:

$minio = new Minio();

$minio->disk('my-bucket', function (S3Client $client, string $bucket) {
    $this->post('/my/endpoint/that/interacts/with/s3', [])

    $object = $client->getObject([
        'Bucket' => $bucket,
        'Key' => "/my/expected/s3/key"

    $content = $object['Body']->getContents();

    $this->assertStringContainsString('partial-file-content', $content);

When instantiating the Minio class, I have the opportunity to overwrite some defaults. For instance, if for some reason the container name is not minio, I can specify a different host:

$minio = new Minio('my-host', 9000, 'access-key', 'secret');

Minio's disk method will take a bucket name and a callback. In the callback we're free to do whatever we need to test our code against S3. It usually involves calling a Laravel endpoint and making assertions against the file that was uploaded to S3. The S3Client provided to the callback will already be configured to communicate with Minio.

The Minio Class

For convenience, I opened source the minio class at and you call grab it by running composer require customergauge/minio, but if you don't want to rely on a package, the class is pretty simple and straightforward:

<?php declare(strict_types=1);

namespace CustomerGauge\Minio\Testing;

use Aws\S3\S3Client;
use Illuminate\Contracts\Config\Repository;
use Throwable;

class Minio
    private $host;

    private $port;

    private $key;

    private $secret;

    private $config;

    public function __construct(
        string $host = 'minio',
        int $port = 9000,
        string $key = 'customergauge',
        string $secret = 'phpunit123',
        ?Repository $config = null
    ) {
        $this->host = $host;
        $this->port = $port;
        $this->key = $key;
        $this->secret = $secret;
        $this->config = $config ?? config();

    public function disk(string $disk, callable $callback)
        $endpoint = 'http://' . $this->host . ':' . $this->port;

        $client = new S3Client([
            'region' => 'local',
            'version' => '2006-03-01',
            'endpoint' => $endpoint,
            'use_path_style_endpoint' => true,
            'credentials' => [
                'key' => $this->key,
                'secret' => $this->secret,

        $bucket = "$disk-bucket";

        // Let's go ahead and configure Laravel filesystem with the provided disk
        // so that the code being tested can properly interact with minio.
        $this->config->set("filesystems.disks.$disk", [
            'driver' => 's3',
            'region' => 'local',
            'bucket' => $bucket,
            'endpoint' => $endpoint,
            'use_path_style_endpoint' => true,
            'key' => $this->key,
            'secret' => $this->secret,

        try {
            // If the bucket already exists, it will throw an exception which we can ignore.
            // If the bucket doesn't exist yet, let's create it so that the code will be
            // able to properly interact with it.
            $client->createBucket(['Bucket' => $bucket]);
        } catch (Throwable $e) {


        try {
            $callback($client, $bucket);
        } finally {
            // Whether the developer's code fails or not, we can make a best effort
            // into cleaning up the bucket and deleting it so thatnext time the
            // test runs, we can successfully create an empty bucket.
            $iterator = $client->getIterator('ListObjects', ['Bucket' => $bucket]);

            foreach ($iterator as $object) {
                    'Bucket' => $bucket,
                    'Key' => $object['Key']

            $client->deleteBucket(['Bucket' => $bucket]);


Most of the time, Storage::fake() will do just fine, but sometimes we want to make sure our code is compatible with S3 or even just get an extra guarantee that our code's interaction with AWS SDK is property tested. Minio is a great way of testing the code's compatibility with S3 without actually having to use an actual S3 bucket.

As always, hit me up on Twitter with any questions.